- SOUTH AFRICA
- BENIN – OAIP
- BURKINA FASO – OAPI
- CAMEROON – OAPI
- CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC – OAPI
- CHAD – OAPI
- CONGO REPUBLIC – OAPI
- EQUATORIAL GUINEA – OAPI
- GABON – OAPI
- GUINEA – OAPI
- GUINEA BISSAU – OAPI
- IVORY COAST – OAPI
- MALI – OAPI
- MAURITANIA – OAPI
- NIGER – OAPI
- SENEGAL – OAPI
- TOGO – OAPI
- BOTSWANA – ARIPO
- ESWATINI – ARIPO
- GAMBIA- ARIPO
- GHANA – ARIPO
- KENYA – ARIPO
- LESOTHO – ARIPO
- LIBERIA – ARIPO
- MALAWI – ARIPO
- MOZAMBIQUE – ARIPO
- NAMIBIA – ARIPO
- RWANDA – ARIPO
- SIERRA LEONE – ARIPO
- SUDAN – ARIPO
- TANZANIA – ARIPO
- UGANDA – ARIPO
- ZAMBIA – ARIPO
- ZIMBABWE – ARIPO
COUNTRY : FRENCH REPUBLIC
CAPITAL : PARIS
LANGUAGE : FRENCH
MEMBER: HAGUE AGREEMENT FOR THE INTERNATIONAL DESIGN REGISTRATION, EUROPEAN UNION COMMUNITY DESIGN “RCD & UCD” BERNE CONVENTION, WTO-TRIPS, WIPO, PARIS CONVENTION,
Protection to Design is provided at a three tier level in France:
- NATIONAL REGISTRATION
Direct Filing with National Patent & Trademark office
- EUROPEAN UNION COMMUNITY DESIGN
Kindly refer Treaties for the Community Design Registration.
- INTERNATIONAL DESIGN PROTECTION UNDER HAGUE SYSTEM
- Kindly refer our guide under the Hague system
APPLICANTS WHO MAY APPLY FOR INDUSTRIAL DESIGN PROTECTION:
Following can file Design Applications:
a). Author of the Design
b). Employer of the author if Design made during course of employment
c). Person contracting the author to make the design
d). Person to whom the author has assigned the design in writing.
Two or more persons owning interests in the design must apply jointly.
REQUISITES FOR FILING INDUSTRIAL DESIGN APPLICATIONS:
- Copy of the drawings;( six views such as front, rear, left side, right side, top plan and bottom plan views. And additional drawings such as perspective and cross-sectional views also may be submitted) – photographs in jpg format
- The full name and address of each creator;
- The full name and address of each applicant;
- The name of article to which the design is applied;
- The filing date, application number and country of the priority application; and • The priority document
- Statement of Novelty in respect of the articles to which industrial design is applied to. However, not required while registering wallpaper, lace or textile articles.
- Full payment of fees.
TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN APPLICATIONS FRANCE:
Ordinary application. An ordinary application does not claim priority.
Convention application calming priority.
A convention application claims priority of an application filed previously in a convention country.
(Deadline for claiming priority for a design application in Singapore is 6 months from the filing date of the priority application)
INTERNATIONAL DESIGN PROTECTION UNDER HAGUE SYSTEM
Kindly refer our guide under the Hague system.
EUROPEAN UNION COMMUNITY DESIGN
Kindly refer our guide under the Community Design Registration.
KINDS OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS REGISTRABLE:
To come under the scope of registration, a Design should:
- Be new and / or original
- Not have been disclosed to the public anywhere by publication in tangible form or by use in any other way prior to the filing date or where applicable, the priority date of the application for registration to which a 12 month exception is provided.
- Be significantly distinguishable from known designs or combination of known designs.
- Not contain scandalous or obscene matter, or be contrary to public order or morality.
- Not be a mere mechanical contrivance.
- Be applicable to an article, should appeal to the eye.
Original here means, originating from the author of such a design and includes those cases which though old in themselves , are new in their application as well.
Aspects of Designs registrable:
- Two Dimensional, Three Dimensional, general appearance of a design.
- Contours, Colours, Shapes and Textures
- Material out of which the design is made
- Decoration of the design
- Packaging, Graphic Symbols, Typographic TypefacesNote: French law offers protection to designs by way of a combined protection through Designs Law as well as Copyrights Law.
KINDS OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS NOT REGISTRABLE:
- A drawing or a model contrary to public order or morality.
- A drawing or a model that relates to a computer program.
- A drawing or a model whose characteristics are solely dictated by technical function of the product to which it relates.
- A product that needs to be combined with another product, so that each can perform its function.
- Designs which have been disclosed to the public anywhere in the world by publication in a tangible form or by use or in any other way prior to the filing date. However, a 12 months exception is given to this rule.
- Designs which are not significantly distinguishable from known designs or combination of known designs or
- Comprises or contains scandalous or obscene matter.
Designs that are primarily Literary or Artistic in character are not protected under the Designs Act as under:
- Books, Jackets, Calendars, Certificates, Forms & other documents, Dressmaking patterns, Greeting Cards, Leaflets, Maps & Plan cards, Postcards, Stamps, Medals.
- Labels, Tokens, Cards, Cartons.
- Any Principle or mode of construction of an article.
- Mere mechanical contrivance.
- Buildings & Structures.
Search and Filing: Conducting a search prior to filing the design application is always advised to rule out conflict with prior registered marks.
Our Attorney will assist you in search, filing and protection of the Design application in Canada.
STEPS TO INDUSTRIAL DESIGN REGISTRATION:
- Finding out whether such a design has been registered previously.
- Preparing a representation of the design iii. Identifying the class of design.
- Providing a statement of novelty.
- Including a disclaimer that the design has not been in the public domain at any point in time.
- Claiming a priority date if the design Is registered in other countries.
- Determining the fee to be paid.
- Ensuring all enclosures are attached.
- Complying with objections if any.
- Providing full details pertaining to contacts and addresses.
Several designs may be combined in one multiple application as long as the products belong to the same class.
EXAMINATION PROCESS OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS:
Upon receipt of the application, the Patent office conducts formalities examination and if any objections found, the same are communicated to the applicant for rectification to be carried out within a prescribed time limit. Otherwise the application is deemed abandoned.
Substantive examination is conducted only with respect to the design not violating the morality and public order of the nation.
PUBLICATION AND REGISTRATION OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS:
Upon the application being approved, it is published in the Official Intellectual Property Bulletin and a Certificate of Registration is issued to the applicant.
TERM OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN PROTECTION:
Protection to the design is initially given for 5 yrs, renewable 4 consecutive 5 yr. Periods totalling to 25 yrs in all.
BENEFITS OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN REGISTRATION:
WHY PROTECT DESIGNS IN FRANCE? Patent law deals in ‘behind the scenes’ aspects of a company or organization as it deals with inventions that are not easily accessible by the general public. Designs along with Trademarks on the other hand, are the ‘visual medium’ which aid in brand projection, recognition, association and retention by existing and potential customers. To prevent rivals from copying industrial designs, it is therefore an important and strategic aspect in the protection of intellectual property rights. Therefore, as with all IP, it is better to begin protection of designs at the earliest before disclosure with the general public.
BENEFITS OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN REGISTRATION IN FRANCE: Certain countries that follow cumulative protection of Industrial Designs by Copyright as well as Design laws have the ‘Unity of Art’ principle that needs to be followed meaning, entitlement to copyright for applied and other art work shall be determined through the same criteria. In today’s highly impulse driven and temperament market, industrial designs provide the requisite edge to push products into consumers’ psyche. Such is he craving for fashionable and well crafted products that looks can often be equally or more important that the products’ functionality itself.
Registration of Industrial Design Rights becomes a valuable asset which gives the following benefits:
- A substantial return on interest (ROI) as the popularity of the product is directly proportional to its reproduction and counterfeiting thus enabling swift legal action in preventing copycats and frauds thereby ensuring that the design is not diluted.
- Infringement of designs can help owners obtain damages and recover costs for the same.
- Registration of designs can help owners work on bettering their designs through Research and Development (R&D) on bringing out superior industrial designs thus making it harder to knock off or scale up manufacturing by infringers in order to copy the original designs.
- Registered designs can be sold, licensed, franchised which can all earn royalty. The same can also be used as a collateral to secure loans.
- Industrial Designs complement even strengthen Trademarks hence making brand attention, brand association and retention, brand recall and usage much easier and interesting.