COUNTRY : NEW-ZEALAND
CAPITAL : CANBERRA
LANGUAGE : ENGLISH
The IP affairs in New Zealand are administered by Intellectual Property Office New Zealand (IPONZ).
• Paris Convention for the protection of industrial property
• Patent Co-operation Treaty – PCT.
• Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights –TRIPS.
• Budapest Treaty On The International Recognition of the Deposit of Micro Organisms For The Purposes of Patent Procedure.
IP LAW IN NEW ZEALLAND
The New Zealand legal system is based on the Common Law system and Statutory Law.
Patents in New Zealand are governed by: The Patents Act 1953 No.64
Patents are granted by the New Zealand Intellectual Property Office.
Inventions may relate to products, processes or industrial applications. Patents are therefore granted to inventions that:
• Are New or Novel
• Involve an inventive step
• Comprise of a process or an Industrial application of the invention.
For an Invention to be patentable, it should contain the following:
(i).Novelty: An invention is considered new or novel if it is not included in the state of the art. State of the art consists of all the information available and accessible to the public prior to the date of filing for the patent application nationally or internationally by means of its description, use or any other method by which it may be known or utilised by experts in the field.
(ii). Inventive Step: is, given the prevailing state of the art, it is not obvious to an expert in that field. An invention is considered ‘obvious’ when it is within the grasp of a skilled person in that field of expertise & therefore to be expected from him.
(iii). Industrial Application: of the invention would be ‘when the object of the invention may be produced, manufactured or used in any kind of industry including agriculture’
Inventions pertaining to the following:
• Discoveries, Scientific Theories & Mathematical methods.
• Aesthetic creations.
• Substances already existing in nature and nuclear materials.
• Schemes, Rules, Methods for performing mental acts, playing games, doing business as well as Presentation of Information.
• Programmes for Computers.
• Inventions contrary to public order & morals.
• Methods of treatment by surgery or therapy on humans and animals.
(i). Name & Address of the applicant.
(ii). Name & Address of the Inventor.
(iii). Specification comprising a description claims & drawings if any.
(iv). Priority Data if any.
(v). State of incorporation / nationality of the Applicant.
(vi). Abstract of the Invention.
(vii). Indications serving to identify the identity of the inventor(s) as well as the Solicitor.
(viii) Request for examination of the patent.
(ix). If the patent application relates to a micro-organism or a process in which a micro-organism is used, it is necessary to include a certificate of deposit of the micro-organism with an officially recognised national depositary institution designated by the Government.
(x). Request for grant of patent.
• Once the application is filed, the application is scrutinised for defence & security aspects.
At any time after the expiry of 3 years from the date of the sealing of the patent or 4 years from the date of the patent, whichever is later, any person interested may apply to the Court for the grant of a licence.
The grounds upon which a licence may be granted under this section are:
(i). That a market for the patented invention is not being supplied, or is not being supplied on reasonable terms, in New Zealand.
(ii.) A licence granted under this section—
(a) Is not exclusive:
(b) Must not be assigned otherwise than in connection with the goodwill of the business in which the patented invention is used.
(c) Is limited to the supply of the patented invention predominantly in New Zealand.
(iii). Any licence granted under this section may, on the application of any interested party, be terminated by the Court, where the Court is satisfied that the grounds on which the licence was granted have ceased to exist.
(iv). Where a licence is granted under this section to any person, that person shall pay such remuneration to the patentee as may be agreed, or as may be determined by a method agreed, between that person and the patentee or, in default of agreement, as is determined by the Court on the application of that person or the patentee.
(v). No licence shall be granted under this section unless the person applying for the licence, having taken all reasonable steps to do so, has been unable to obtain a licence, or to obtain a licence on reasonable terms, from the patentee.
(vi). No licence shall be granted under this section in respect of a patent relating to an integrated circuit
For quotation: firstname.lastname@example.org